In history, it is often not the names of heroes that remain, but the names of traitors and defectors. We will tell below about the most famous traitors in history.
Judas Iscariot. The name of this man has been serving as a symbol of betrayal for about two thousand years. At the same time, the nationalities of people do not play a role. Everyone knows the biblical story when Judas Iscariot betrayed his teacher Christ for thirty pieces of silver, dooming him to torment. But then 1 slave cost twice as much! The kiss of Judas has become a classic image of duplicity, meanness and betrayal. This man was one of the twelve apostles who were present with Jesus at his last supper. There were thirteen people and after that this number was considered unlucky. There was even a phobia, a fear of this number. The story goes that Judas was born on April 1, also on a rather unusual day. But the traitor's story is rather unclear and full of pitfalls. The fact is that Judas was the keeper of the cash register of the community of Jesus and his disciples. There was much more money there than 30 pieces of silver. Thus, in need of money, Judas could simply steal it without betraying his teacher. Not so long ago, the world learned about the existence of the "Gospel of Judas", where Iscariot is depicted as the only and faithful disciple of Christ. And the betrayal was committed precisely on the orders of Jesus, and Judas took responsibility for his action. According to legend, Iscariot committed suicide immediately after his deed. The image of this traitor has been repeatedly described in books, films, legends. Different versions of his betrayal and motivation are considered. Today the name of this person is given to those who are suspected of treason. For example, Lenin called Trotsky a Judas back in 1911. The same man found his "plus" in Iscariot - the struggle against Christianity. Trotsky even wanted to erect monuments to Judas in several cities of the country.
Mark Junius Brutus. Everyone knows the legendary phrase of Julius Caesar: "And you, Brutus?" This traitor is known, albeit not as widely as Judas, but also one of the legendary ones. Moreover, he committed his treason 77 years before the history of the Iscariot. The two traitors are also related by the fact that they both committed suicide. Mark Brutus was Julius Caesar's best friend, according to some data, this could even be his illegitimate son. However, it was he who led the conspiracy against the popular politician, taking a direct part in his assassination. But Caesar showered his pet with honors and titles, giving him power. But Brutus's entourage forced him to participate in a conspiracy against the dictator. Mark was among several conspiratorial senators who stabbed Caesar with swords. Seeing in their ranks and Brutus, he bitterly and exclaimed his famous phrase, which became his last. Wanting happiness for the people and power, Brutus made a mistake in his plans - Rome did not support him. After a series of civil wars and defeats, Mark realized that he was left without everything - without family, power, friend. Betrayal and murder took place in 44 BC, and just two years later, Brutus threw himself on his sword.
Wang Jingwei. This traitor is not so well known in our country, but he has a bad reputation in China. It is often incomprehensible how ordinary and normal people suddenly become traitors. Wang Jingwei was born in 1883, when he was 21, he entered a Japanese university. There he met Sun-Yat Sen, a famous revolutionary from China. He influenced the young man so much that he became a real revolutionary fanatic. Together with Sen Jingwei became a regular participant in anti-government revolutionary uprisings. Unsurprisingly, he soon went to jail. There Wang served several years, leaving us freedom in 1911. All this time, Sen kept in touch with him, mentally supporting and taking care of. As a result of the revolutionary struggle, Sen and his associates won a victory and came to power in 1920. But in 1925, Sun-Yat died, and it was Jingwei who replaced him as the leader of China. But soon the Japanese invaded the country. It was here that Jingway committed the most real betrayal. He essentially did not fight for the independence of China, giving it over to the invaders. National interests were trampled in favor of the Japanese. As a result, when the crisis erupted in China, and the country most needed an experienced manager, Jingway simply left her. Wang clearly joined the conquerors. However, he did not have time to feel the bitterness of defeat, since he died even before the fall of Japan. But the name Wang Jingwei got into all Chinese textbooks, as a synonym for betrayal towards his country.
Hetman Mazepa. This man in modern Russian history is considered the most important traitor, even the church anathematized him. But in modern Ukrainian history, the hetman, on the contrary, is a national hero. So what was his betrayal or was it still a feat? For a long time, the hetman of the Zaporizhzhya Army was one of the most loyal allies of Peter I, helping him in the Azov campaigns. However, everything changed when the Swedish king Charles XII opposed the Russian tsar. He, wishing to find himself an ally, promised Mazepa Ukrainian independence in case of victory in the Northern War. The hetman could not resist such a tasty piece of cake. In 1708 he went over to the side of the Swedes, but just a year later their united army was defeated near Poltava. For his treason (Mazepa swore allegiance to Peter), the Russian Empire deprived him of all awards and titles and subjected him to civil execution. Mazepa fled to Bendery, which then belonged to the Ottoman Empire, and soon died there in 1709. According to legend, his death was terrible - lice ate him.
Aldrich Ames. This high-ranking CIA officer has had a distinguished career. Everyone predicted him a long and successful job, and then a highly paid pension. But his life turned upside down thanks to love. Ames married a Russian beauty, it turned out that she was a KGB agent. The woman immediately began to demand from her husband to provide her with a beautiful life in order to fully meet the American dream. While the officers in the CIA make good money, this was not enough for the constantly required new jewelry and cars. As a result, the unfortunate Ames began to drink too much. Under the influence of alcohol, he had no choice but to start selling secrets from his work. A buyer quickly appeared on them - the USSR. As a result, during his betrayal, Ames gave the enemy of his country information about all the secret agents who worked in the Soviet Union. The USSR also learned about a hundred covert military operations conducted by the Americans. For this, the officer received about 4.6 million US dollars. However, all the secret becomes clear someday. Ames was discovered and sentenced to life in prison. The special services experienced a real shock and scandal, the traitor became their biggest failure in their entire existence. The CIA has long retreated from the harm done by one single person. But he just needed funds for an insatiable wife. That, by the way, when everything was clarified, was simply deported to South America.
Vidkun Quisling. This man's family was one of the most ancient in Norway, his father served as a Lutheran priest. Vidkun himself studied very well and chose a military career. Having risen to the rank of major, Quisling was able to enter the government of his country, holding the post of defense minister there from 1931 to 1933. In 1933, Vidkun founded his own political party "National Accord", where he received a membership card for the first number. He began to call himself Fuehrer, which was very reminiscent of the Fuehrer. In 1936, the party gathered quite a lot of votes in the elections, becoming very influential in the country. When the Nazis came to Norway in 1940, Quisling suggested that the locals submit to them and not resist. Although the politician himself was from an ancient respected family, the country immediately dubbed him a traitor. The Norwegians themselves began to wage a fierce struggle against the invaders. Then Quisling came up with a plan to take Jews out of Norway, sending them directly to the deadly Auschwitz. However, history rewarded the politician who betrayed his people what he deserved. On May 9, 1945, Quisling was arrested. While in prison, he still managed to declare that he was a martyr and strove to create a great country. But the justice found otherwise, and on October 24, 1945, Quisling was shot for high treason.
Prince Andrey Mikhailovich Kurbsky. This boyar was one of the most loyal associates of Ivan the Terrible. It was Kurbsky who commanded the Russian army in the Livonian War. But with the beginning of the oprichnina of the eccentric king, many hitherto loyal boyars fell into disgrace. Among them was Kurbsky. Fearing for his fate, he left his family and in 1563 defected to the service of the Polish king Sigismund. And already in September of the following year, he marched together with the conquerors against Moscow. Kurbsky knew perfectly well how the Russian defense and the army were organized. Thanks to the traitor, the Poles were able to win many important battles. They set up ambushes, took people prisoner, bypassing the outposts. Kurbsky began to be considered the first Russian dissident. The Poles consider the boyar a great man, but in Russia he is a traitor. However, we should not talk about treason to the country, but about treason personally to Tsar Ivan the Terrible.
Pavlik Morozov. For a long time in Soviet history and culture, this boy had a heroic image. At the same time, he passed under the first number, among the children-heroes. Pavlik Morozov even got into the book of honor of the All-Union Pioneer Organization. But this story is not entirely unambiguous. The boy's father, Trofim, was a partisan and fought on the side of the Bolsheviks. However, after returning from the war, the serviceman left his family with four small children and began to live with another woman. Trofim was elected chairman of the village council, while he led a stormy everyday life - he drank and was rowdy. It is quite possible that in the history of heroism and betrayal there are more domestic than political reasons. According to legend, Trofim's wife accused him of hiding bread, however, they say that the abandoned and humiliated woman demanded to stop issuing fictitious certificates to fellow villagers. During the investigation, 13-year-old Pavel simply confirmed everything that his mother said. As a result, the unbelted Trofim went to prison, and in revenge the young pioneer was killed in 1932 by his drunken uncle and godfather. But Soviet propaganda has created a colorful propaganda story out of everyday drama. And the hero who betrayed his father did not inspire somehow.
Henrikh Lyushkov. In 1937, the NKVD fought, including in the Far East. It was Genrikh Lyushkov who headed this punitive body at that time. However, a year later, the cleansing began in the "organs" themselves, many of the executioners themselves were in the place of their victims. Lyushkov was suddenly summoned to Moscow, ostensibly to be appointed head of all the camps in the country. But Heinrich suspected that Stalin wanted to remove him. Frightened by the reprisals, Lyushkov fled to Japan. In an interview with the local newspaper Yomiuri, the former executioner said that he really does recognize himself as a traitor. But only in relation to Stalin. But Lyushkov's subsequent behavior suggests just the opposite. The general told the Japanese about the entire structure of the NKVD and the residents of the USSR, about where exactly the Soviet troops are located, where and how defensive structures and fortresses are being built. Lyushkov passed military radio codes to the enemies, actively urging the Japanese to oppose the USSR. The traitor himself tortured Soviet intelligence officers arrested in Japan, resorting to cruel atrocities. The pinnacle of Lyushkov's activity was his development of a plan to assassinate Stalin. The General personally set about implementing his project. Historians today believe that this was the only serious attempt to eliminate the Soviet leader. However, she did not have any success. After the defeat of Japan in 1945, Lyushkov was killed by the Japanese themselves, who did not want their secrets to fall into the hands of the USSR.
Andrey Vlasov. This Soviet lieutenant general was known as the most important Soviet traitor during the Great Patriotic War. Even in the winter of 41-42, Vlasov commanded the 20th Army, making a significant contribution to the defeat of the Nazis near Moscow. Among the people, this particular general was called the main savior of the capital. In the summer of 1942, Vlasov took the post of deputy commander of the Volkhov Front. However, soon his troops were captured, and the general himself was captured by the Germans. Vlasov was sent to the Vinnitsa military camp for the captive high military ranks. There the general agreed to serve the fascists and headed the "Committee for the Liberation of the Peoples of Russia" created by them. On the basis of KONR, even a whole "Russian Liberation Army" (ROA) was created. It included captured Soviet servicemen. The general showed cowardice, according to rumors, since then he began to drink a lot. On May 12, Vlasov was captured by Soviet troops in an attempt to escape. The trial over him was closed, as he, with his own words, could inspire people dissatisfied with the government. In August 1946, General Vlasov was stripped of his titles and awards, his property was confiscated, and he himself was hanged. At the trial, the accused admitted that he pleaded guilty, as he became weak-minded in captivity. Already in our time, an attempt was made to justify Vlasov. But only a small part of the charges were dropped from him, while the main ones remained in force.
Friedrich Paulus. There was also a traitor on the part of the fascists in that war. In the winter of 1943, the 6th German Army under the command of Field Marshal Paulus surrendered at Stalingrad. His subsequent history can be considered a mirror image in relation to Vlasov. The captivity of the German officer was quite comfortable, because he joined the anti-fascist national committee "Free Germany". He ate meat, drank beer, received food and parcels. Paulus signed a proclamation "To prisoners of war German soldiers and officers and to the entire German people." There, the field marshal announced that he was calling on all of Germany to eliminate Adolf Hitler. He believes that the country should have a new state leadership. It must end the war and ensure the people restore friendship with their current opponents. Paulus even made a revelatory speech at the Nuremberg trials, which surprised his former associates a lot. In 1953, the Soviet government, grateful for their cooperation, freed the traitor, especially since he was beginning to fall into depression. Paulus moved to live in the GDR, where he died in 1957. Not all Germans accepted the field marshal's act with understanding, even his son did not accept his father's choice, eventually shooting himself because of mental anguish.
Victor Suvorov. This defector made a name for himself as well as a writer. Once the intelligence officer Vladimir Rezun was a resident of the GRU in Geneva. But in 1978 he fled to England, where he began writing very scandalous books. In them, the officer, who took the pseudonym Suvorov, quite convincingly argued that it was the USSR who was preparing to strike Germany in the summer of 1941. The Germans simply preempted their enemy by a few weeks, delivering a preemptive strike. Rezun himself says that he was forced to cooperate with British intelligence. They allegedly wanted to make him an extreme for failure in the work of the Geneva department. Suvorov himself claims that in his homeland he was sentenced to death in absentia for his treason. However, the Russian side prefers not to comment on this fact. The former intelligence officer lives in Bristol and continues to write books on historical topics.Each of them causes a storm of discussions and personal condemnations of Suvorov.
Victor Belenko. Few lieutenants make history. But this military pilot was able to do it. True, at the cost of his betrayal. We can say that he acted as a kind of bad boy who just wants to steal something and sell it to enemies at a higher price. On September 6, 1976, Belenko flew on a top-secret MiG-25 interceptor. Suddenly the senior lieutenant abruptly changed course and sat down in Japan. There, the aircraft was disassembled in detail and subjected to a thorough study. Naturally, it was not without American specialists. The plane was returned to the USSR after careful study. And for his feat "for the glory of democracy" Belenko himself received political asylum in the United States. However, there is another version, according to which the traitor was not such. He simply had to land in Japan. Eyewitnesses say that the lieutenant fired a pistol into the air, not allowing anyone to approach the car and demanding a cover for it. However, the investigation carried out took into account both the behavior of the pilot in everyday life and the manner of his flight. The conclusion was unambiguous - the landing on the territory of an enemy state was deliberate. Belenko himself was crazy about life in America, he even found canned cat food tastier than those that were sold in his homeland. From official statements, it is difficult to assess the consequences of that escape, the moral and political damage can be ignored, but the material damage was estimated at 2 billion rubles. After all, the USSR had to hastily change all the equipment of the "friend or foe" recognition system.
Otto Kuusinen. And again, a situation where a traitor for some is a hero for others. Otto was born in 1881 and in 1904 joined the Social Democratic Party of Finland. Soon and leading it. When it became clear that nothing would shine for the communists in the newly independent Finland, Kuusinen fled to the USSR. There he worked for a long time in the Comintern. When the USSR attacked Finland in 1939, it was Kuusinen who became the head of the country's puppet government. Only now his power extended to the few lands captured by Soviet troops. It soon became clear that it would not be possible to capture all of Finland and the need for the Kuusinene regime disappeared. He later continued to hold prominent government posts in the USSR, having died in 1964. His ashes are buried at the Kremlin wall.
Kim Philby. This scout has lived a long and eventful life. He was born in 1912 in India, in the family of a British official. In 1929, Kim entered Cambridge, where he entered a socialist society. In 1934, Philby was recruited by Soviet intelligence, which, given his views, was not difficult to implement. In 1940, Kim joined the British secret service SIS, soon becoming the head of one of its departments. In the 50s, it was Philby who coordinated the actions of England and the United States in the fight against the communists. Naturally, the USSR received all the information about the work of its agent. From 1956, Philby served already in MI6, until in 1963 he was illegally transferred to the USSR. Here the scout-traitor lived for the next 25 years on a personal pension, sometimes giving consultations.